Aspiration Pumps and Their Usage

Aspirator pumps are a type of medical device that is employed to remove mucus, as well as other types of bodily fluids and foreign objects, from the body of a patient. They are found in homecare situations and a variety of medical environments, including ambulances, nursing homes, physicians’ offices, clinics, and hospitals.

The medical aspirator is a suction machine. It is generally used for obstructions in the gastrointestinal tract and the respiratory system. There are many different models available, which often come with a range of accessories. This has enabled them to be used both in inpatient and outpatient facilities, but also in cleanup, emergency transit, and waste disposal. People often need aspiration to avoid blockages, congestion, and, in some cases, asphyxiation.

The Parts of Aspirators

Medical aspirators are made up of:

  • The base, which keeps the bracket, canister, and pump stabile.
  • The pump, which is attached to the canister from which it draws air through a siphon, which in turn draws fluids into the canister’s body.
  • The canister, where bodily fluids are collected. These canisters are then labeled so that materials can easily be measured.
  • The tubing, which runs between the catheter or suction tip to the canister, directly drawing out the materials.
  • The suction tip, which comes in a range of different size and styles, allowing for proper suctioning.

The Suctioning Equipment

Because suctioning pumps are used in different situations, they also come in a variety of shapes and sizes. The right one depends on how many fluids have to be withdrawn, how strong the pump has to be, and how portable it has to be. Pumps are created by a range of medical manufacturers.

The Risk of Pulmonary Aspiration

There are a number of events that can cause a risk of pulmonary aspiration. This includes things such as consciousness, medical applications, esophageal and pulmonary functioning, and swallowing and choking problems. Usually, when people eat or drink and it travels down the wrong way, they experience mild aspiration. When someone has to use a feeding tube or is bed bound, aspiration may be required. Pulmonary aspiration can lead to injury, and can even be fatal, if completed without a proper machine.

Filters and Fluid Control

Within all medical procedures, disposal and contamination is always a concern. This is why filtration and fluid disposal is always required. Most pumps come with bacteria filters that stop the pump from trapping bacteria and other contaminants. These filters are replaceable and don’t cost much either.

Important Considerations

When using aspirator pumps, remember:

  1. Always wear appropriate protective equipment.
  2. Replace any equipment that is disposable straight after use.
  3. Never overfill the canister and use the right size.
  4. Do not suction continuously, but use short intervals instead, so that you don’t draw too much oxygen out of the lungs. This could lead to asphyxiation.
  5. Use the correct biohazard disposal procedures and fluid control solidifiers when disposing of aspirations.
  6. Speak to a medical professional before you use equipment at home.


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